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Illinois Physician Shortage Facts

Physician supply lags patient demand nationally and across Illinois. As supply falls, patients wait longer to see a doctor, and doctors burn out.

The U.S. is projected to have 120,000 too few doctors nationally.1,2,3

  • Nearly 40% of American physicians will reach retirement age.
  • The United States will face a shortage of over 120,000 physicians.
  • 32.3% of Illinois’s physicians are within retirement range right now.

Illinois is projected to be short 6,203 doctors.4,5,6

  • Primary care alone is projected to be short 1,063 providers.
  • There are only 237 residency slots in Illinois for primary care each year.
  • 45.2% of those residents will practice out of state.

89 of Illinois’s 102 counties are health professional shortage areas (HPSAs).7,8,9

  • Low-income citizens are disproportionately affected by these shortages.
  • HPSA designations indicate areas where there are 3,500 or more patients for every one provider.
  • 3,657,588 Illinois residents live in an HPSA.

Ranked against other states,
Illinois’s doctor-to-patient ratio is:

7% worse
for general surgery

13% worse
for orthopedic surgery

13% worse
for plastic surgery

34% worse
for preventative medicine